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Book of 95 pages written by Tibetan Buddhist Master Lama Samten consisting in a brief presentation on how to develop samatha (sanskrit for calm-abiding of the spirit) and vipassana (sanskrit for attaining a special insight on reality) through meditation while acquiring abilities in eliminating the sources of mental afflictions. In respect with the Buddha Shakyamouni`s Teachings, this book can be useful by practitioners as a complementary manual to the verbal explanations and empowerments of the teacher.
It is well known that the primary purpose of the Buddha’s teaching is to attain enlightenment by practicing two forms of meditation: concentration meditation and analytical meditation. The first aims at achieving calm-abiding (samatha), while the second aspires to gaining special insight (vipassana).
A mind that is pacified while abiding in single-pointed concentration is referred to as the state of calm-abiding. When such a state is attained, special insight becomes possible. This particular form of wisdom, when coupled with the bliss of meditative suppleness induced by the power of analysis, is capable of discerning every phenomenon.
In other words, calm-abiding is the temporary cessation of mental disruptions in the mind. By calming the mind, it becomes clearer. This allows the profound analysis of special insight to completely eliminate the very root of these mental disruptions.
This text is a brief presentation of the essence of calmabiding and special insight, as well as the manner in which to develop them. The instructions provided are in keeping with the teachings of Buddha Shakyamuni and of the great Indian and Tibetan Buddhist masters who have commented on them.
Pages 14 and 15
There is also the “nine-cycles” breathing technique, which can be used to clear blockages of the subtle body (composed of channels and winds). Before explaining this technique, the following is a brief description of the five energy centres (chakras) where the winds circulate.
The centres are: 1) the chakra of highest bliss at the crown of the head, 2) the chakra of enjoyment at the level of the throat, 3) the chakra of the Dharma at the level of the heart, 4) the chakra of emanation at the navel, and 5) the chakra that maintains bliss situated in the secret place i.e. the sexual organs). Associated with these five chakras are five circulating winds: 1) the pervading pale blue wind, 2) the ascending red wind, 3) the vitalizing white wind, 4) the regular sliding green wind, and 5) the yellow wind of elimination.
This technique allows for purifying the five afflictive emotions: 1) aversion, 2) attachment, 3) confusion, 4) jealousy, and 5) pride. This technique allows to clear the blockages of the subtle body (channels and winds), facilitating the attainment of the common path (calm abiding and special insight) and of the uncommon path (the stages of generation and completion). This achievement can actually be realized in this very lifetime.
The nine-cycle breathing technique is practiced as follows: Take three breaths by first exhaling from the right nostril and inhaling through the left. Then inverse the order by exhaling three times from the left nostril and inhaling through the right. To complete the cycle, take three breaths using both nostrils simultaneously. Ordinarily, the channels and winds are not mentioned when teaching the sutras9. However, it is very useful to discuss them here so as to know how to purify the subtle winds.